Remote sensing and interdisciplinary approach for studying volcano environment and activity

Maurizio Fea, Lisetta Giacomelli, Cristiano Pesaresi, Roberto Scandone

Abstract


Remote sensing (RS), also known as “Earth Observation (EO)”, is a well-established methodology for
multidisciplinary applications and represents a neuralgic tool both for research and didactics, since it makes it
possible not only to obtain very useful and interesting data and information but also to implement and make use
of an integrated approach for collecting inputs from different sources, processing and interpreting them and
presenting the results through a variety of multimedia outputs. That is obviously true also in the case of volcanic
environments and activities, in the quiescence, activity and post-event phases. During the last years, the
applications of satellite and aerial images, generated from data acquired in different spectral bands, namely in the
visible, infrared and microwave parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, have enormously increased. Thus, in this
paper, after a brief framework about some basic elements of remote sensing, we above all provide a literary
review, underlying some important examples which permit us to develop interdisciplinary approaches and to
highlight different fields of application. Then, after having provided some input in a didactic perspective, we
synthetically describe the main peculiarities and kind of activities that characterise some volcanoes, for which
the European Space Agency (ESA-ESRIN) has provided relevant images. Then, for each volcano, we propose
an interpretive analysis of these images, supported by the previous explanations, in order to propose a possible
scheme of referral and some guidelines to define a geographical and interdisciplinary framework aimed at
showing new didactic and research horizons, where theoretical, methodological and applicative knowledge and
skills converge, collaborating in a socially useful operative field.

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Sponsoring Organizations:


Sapienza Università di Roma University of Helsinki Università di Torino Western Michigan University

EUGEOIRPPS


With the support of:


ESA

Publisher:
Edizioni Nuova Cultura

 

Online ISSN: 2281 - 5694 Print ISSN: 2281 – 4310 © 2013 - Edizioni Nuova Cultura